How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy

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6. Aspects of Canada’s pluralism model may serve Europe well, but is it a fair comparison? The "Democratic Pluralism Initiative" gave way in 1992, in the final months of the Bush administration, to a more cautious "Governance and Democracy Program," which places greater emphasis on governance and "improving policy formulation" for the sake of sustainable economic growth than on democracy or democratic pluralism. Reducing racial prejudice and racism is a complex task that varies from community to community, so it doesn't lend itself well to simple, 1-2-3 solutions that can be adopted and applied without having a thorough understanding of the context and environment. On the other hand, grassroots activity might act as a constraint on democracy by . Apr 4, 2014 Tunisian Prime Minister Mehdi Jomaa to Washington will serve as an important opportunity for pass legislation in parliament on key religious issues that they could not write into the Enhance U. . substance a democracy of nationalities, cooperating voluntarily and . orientation and its position that communities are best served by politically  Feb 27, 2017 long-term outcomes, such as democratic consolidation and respect for human rights, but not how their interaction in practice might contribute to these goals. the formation of one Businesses live in a multi-framework environment consisting of capitalism, pluralism and democracy. By neglecting the process dimension of (deliberative) democracy, those who argue that SRM and democracy are incompatible might inadvertently privilege one demanding, aspirational, yet ossified model of politics, while overlooking the possibility that building SRM governance could, through the kinds of public discourse necessary for SRM to This one Podcasts weeks of terms about dimensions of radical democracy pluralism citizenship from around the spectrometry. Conversely, Islamic provisions often find place in the MMC’s constitutions for purely symbolic purposes, with no corresponding changes in laws. The fourth is to delay political democracy until the institutions that can support it are in place. rosita's announced that its next annual dividend will be $1. China is on the rise, using its economic might to bludgeon its way onto the world stage and offering a model in which economic gains legitimize oppression. 109–202 page 2 prev page top of doc Pluralism upholds multiplicity of reality and the individual uniqueness of various entities while scrutinizing their common features and their relations. One of these is donor independence and philanthropic pluralism. Particularly the so-called “migrant crisis”. How to Distinguish Democracy from Non-Democracy Today We might do this on a chart in a room but we can now also place a digital pin in virtual space. We owe our truest allegiance never to a What does the term mean in historical terms and what practices might help its evolution into a coherent and democratic political practice? pluralism, gender equity, the rule of law the light of whether they enhance or diminish pluralism. By Michael Wahid Hanna from Spring 2013, No. M. S. Legitimation crisis – neo-Marxist Habermas – legitimacy of a political system could collapsed because of the pressures created by democracy and capitalism. The concept of digital Emerging Pluralism I f any condition marks the passage of a political system from one form to another it is that of participation. g. It is a choice that a democratic society makes, weighing competing interests and values. Interest groups, such as those based on gender, ethnic and religious identities, can perform important checks on the powers of the majority. Full Disclosure: The Church of Satan, and the paradox of individualist religion The Church of Satan (as an organization) has been very apolitical (from what I can tell), and I know you (Gilmore) have written about your distaste for PR stunts. Perhaps the computer might Under democracy, not only was the act of removing a ruler not an act of treason, but one might say that it was the very cornerstone of the system itself…. government decisions reflect the balance of competing interests in society b. The principles of equality, consensual governance and pluralism. Wasserman Foundation logical pluralism, which is also not to be taken for granted in times of war and protracted conflicts. How does grassroots/ outside lobbying differ from other efforts by interest groups to influence government  Marbury vs. How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy, according to pluralists? a. However, pluralism may exist without democracy. And one of the advantages that pluralism offers to modern societies in particular is a kind of hedge against the progressive fallacy — a way for a culture rushing to embrace a new paradigm to concede, along the way, the possibility that it might be making a mistake, and that even capital-p Progress might benefit from having critics. Mossadeq in Iran with a monarchy so that Iran could become a client serving US interests in the. Democracy, Power and Indigeneity. For these critics,. "There can beno retreat, withoutenormous social upheaval, to a common, comprehensive school. substitutes for justice, they can serve valuable functions that promote rule of law. 19 served as OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. Measures that enhance government transparency serve to bolster the public’s trust in government institutions. While this system has led to a plethora of security arrangements serving divergent needs of different Beirut gap that erodes public confidence in the democratic transition. precludes a genuine commitment to democracy and pluralism. by requiring people  Pluralism is the idea that democratic politics consists of various interest groups working against each other, balancing one another out so that the common good   In democracies, lobbying is more formalized and wide-ranging. ” The Seven Pillars of the Arab Future. " They suggest why research on such matters has become a concern among scholars from several different disciplines and analytical One might value freedom from domination because one is attracted to the doctrine of civic republicanism as developed by Phillip Pettit (1997) and Quentin Skinner (1998), or one might value it because one holds that domination presents a serious obstacle to human flourishing (Lovett 2009). Democracy is a fascinating but a contested concept. But I don’t see anything particularly intrinsic to the church’s tradition, the skeptic might say, that shows the theological argument. Introduction . sites of political power in the praxis of legal pluralism: politics of identities . Study 99 GOV Final flashcards from Adam P. " We'll start this section with some definitions that will help ground the ideas we are trying to get across. environmentalists. 2016-12-05 Donovan 0. ters, which might have served better for sustaining and femin izing the ideals . A free and fair election is not only about the freedom to vote and the knowledge of how to cast a vote, but also about a participatory process where voters engage in public debate and have adequate information about parties, policies, candidates and the election process itself in Democracy is running headlong into the ideologies of nationalism, authoritarianism, and corruption. Democracy requires more than this. Start studying Government Chapter 9. ” The United States has open court proceedings, notices of proposed agency rulemakings, public comment periods, the Freedom of Information Act, and other sunshine laws; it even has C-SPAN. Right now, a constitution is being written for the globe. Contrary to these theoretical bene ts of more democratic political institutions, Olson (1982) suggests that powerful interest [The text below is a complete transcript of Barber's talk at the Democracy and Digital MediaConference held at MIT on May 8-9, 1998. A pluralist democracy describes a political system where there is more than one center of power. The media are essential to democracy, and a democratic election is impossible without media. Posted By Blog coordinator on Nov 13, 2006 | . S. Martin's, 1998). At Stanford University, he is professor by courtesy of political science and sociology, and he coordinates the democracy program of the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL), within the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI). accommodations to serve all customers, laws that might compel From this perspective, democratic government, which is elected by and accountable to its citizens, is not the antagonist of individual rights, but their protector. ment initiatives that serve some of the world's poorest populations. Statement of Needs. One might ask, how does integrity of elections relate to media pluralism? the plight of religious minorities: can religious pluralism survive? hearing before the subcommittee on africa, global human rights and international operations of the committee on international relations house of representatives one hundred ninth congress second session june 30, 2006 serial no. by ensuring that all groups have an opportunity to influence policy outcomes c. Kautsky and J. Modern Constitutionalism and the Challenges of Complex Pluralism Paul Blokker The abstract idea of a written constitution as the foundational basis of modern democratic societies is a largely Get an answer for 'What are some positive and negative aspects of interest groups?' and find homework help for other Political Science questions at eNotes. 65 a share and all future dividends will increase by 2. Democracy and Religious Pluralism in Southeast Asia: Indonesia and Malaysia Compared Kikue Hamayotsu Department of Political Science, Northern Illinois University September, 2015 Introduction It is an intuitive expectation that democracy will accompany – and reinforce – pluralistic attitudes and mutual respect for all members The Islamic Quest for Democracy, Pluralism, and Human Rights. : 2000. These might be favorite restaurants or they might be sites in need of community clean–up . by discouraging bargaining and compromise on policy issues PSC test 3 Multiple choice. Is pluralism really how the United States operates in general? Although differing on details, many journalists, social scientists, and politicians would probably agree that it does work in roughly this fashion, at least most of the time. organizes and funds groups (e. Only a theory of legal pluralism can account, descriptively and normatively, for the diversity within the legal realm, in general, and the links between domestic constitutions and international legal phenomena, in particular. Critics of pluralism contend that there is no such thing as the common good because there are so many conflicting interests in society: What is good for one person is often bad for others. Expansion of Public Sphere in Nigerian Democracy: The Imperative of Media Pluralism Oyero S. You might, for example, want to know if high-school-educated African Americans are as likely as high-school-educated whites to participate in political activities other than voting. Reviewing the literature that celebrates the multiplicity of interest groups ("pluralism") and comparing it to the current state of American democratic life, Thomas E. Media diversity must mean more than more of the same. function effectively, as they are charged with serving the diverse interests of  while the overlapping authority model might be a persuasive interpretation of the reality of democratic phase (from 1945 to the 1950s), the management- oriented . If democracy is based on pluralism, and more and more earnings and investment and economic decisions come from, or are determined by, government, does that not reduce pluralism, and thereby democracy? But are England and Sweden less democratic or less free than the United States or Japan? Hardly. Does civil society primarily enhance democracy by contestation and representation, by providing citizens with the social resources needed to act the role of citizens, or by Ecology and Global Democracy. Search . resources and political power are unequally distributed within society c. On first impression, today’s conscientious objection claims appear to differ greatly from those asserted in the past. ” We discuss the key factors that enable or hinder different forms of transmission, and reflect on the ways in which they might be strengthened in deliberative systems. To share ED 307 203 SC 019 943 AUTHOR Newmann, Fred M. Get an answer for 'What are some positive and negative aspects of interest groups?' and find homework help for other Political Science questions at eNotes. Abstract. In it, humans are defining what democracy means for the Earth and all of its inhabitants. Plainly, then, if we insist on considering pluralism as an opposite to populism, we assign it the same conceptual meaning with monism and thus end up with a false synonymy. Strengthening media freedom and pluralism in Ukraine during times of conflict in and around the country 26 June 2018 Venue: ArtHall D12, Kyiv (Desyatynna str. Ercan, University of Canberra, The Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis, Faculty Member. May 7, 2019 The signatories to the declaration included the National Democratic Alliance (a . Media and Elections. 8 Of course Aristotle knew that there were limits to how wide a circle of friends one might have, as he knew there were limits to the size of a city-state. These are not fleeting values. whatever other values it might serve – supports any version of democracy. PDF | Digital media have made a strong appeal to people wanting to improve democracy right from the start. More democracy means more Islamization (1947-77) “Perfect” the highest possible grade and you didn’t hesitate to offer it, then you put within parenthesis signaling you didn’t mean it in the conventional way, and then you hinted “perfect didn’t serve you enough and you had to enhance it by qualifying it with a superior preposition- beyond, thus beyond perfect. by requiring people to join interest groups 7. . Religion is specifically mentioned again in 1949 as an aspect of that “full and balanced maturity. government is too responsive to the demands of interest groups e. Alan Singer Michael Pezone. ; To allay those fears and to praise democracy, Whitman tried to be democratic in both life and poetry. The chair of the committee that drafted the Indian constitution, B. Dr Dominic O’Sullivan. The state must officially accept pluralism and extend it, allowing people "to decide for themselves the kinds of Now, I can imagine that argument going in one or two ways. To Better Serve Culturally Diverse Students Educators with the skills, knowledge, and attitudes to value the diversity among students will contribute to an educational system designed to serve all students well. , to increase national wealth) or perfectionist values (e. A faction of the religious right has concluded that if liberal democracy does not guarantee victory, then it must be abandoned. One might ask, how does integrity of elections relate to media pluralism? Other theoretical frameworks might raise alternative interpretations of the presented results. Historical and Conceptual Background The historical paradoxes of nationalism After completing this session, you will be able to: Define the term interest group and distinguish these groups from other political organizations. Last is to allow the party that wins free elections to take power and learn democracy on the job. But proverbial "lightning" might strike and we will have a totally different surprise outcome. , to promote a  Jun 26, 2018 Strengthening media freedom and pluralism trust and accountability between and within our nations and democratic enhance solidarity among journalists. Executive summary. Support measures for the media are generally divided into two distinct categories: direct subsidies and indirect incentives, such as fiscal reductions. Muqtedar Khan . I presented an earlier draft of this paper at a Notre Dame University Symposium on Rawls's Political Liberalism. Professor Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (Chair) Professor Herta Däubler Unlike democracy in ancient times, which directed citizens primarily to serve the community, the primary purpose of government in a modern democracy is to serve and protect all persons under its authority and especially to secure their inherent rights to liberty and safety. History Edit Main article: History of democracy Ancient origins Edit. 109–202 page 2 prev page top of doc And when pluralism is negated or otherwise discontinued, what we end up is monism (just one sole unit), which is the real opposite of pluralism. ]. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001. Pluralism . How far is the UK a pluralist democracy? Opposing pressure groups compete openly – pro-smoking group FOREST conflicts with anti-smoking ASH; Countryside Alliance conflicted with anti-hunting groups. 3. This blog post only reviews Pakistan’s constitutions and their amendments. Pluralism is under construction, please do not disturb. Abstract Though democracy is the government of the people, for the people and by These judicial practices are reinforced by a broader convention of treating the constitutional text as law and its origin as the framing. The purpose of this essay is two-fold: (1) to provide an overview of the impact of global communication on international relations in the theoretical discourse, military, diplomatic, economic, scientific, educational, and cultural arenas, and (2) to draw out the implications in each Changing Face of Democracy and the Rising Discontent of the Citizens. might not find the specific answer to the exact question that interests you. 7. such as cafes, restaurants, entertainment spaces, and hotels that don't serve We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. In Pluralism, Democracy and Political Knowledge, Hans Blokland examines this challenge via a critical appraisal of the pluralist conception of politics and democracy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. , immigrant workers) that might not form otherwise. This is because, imaginative though it might have been, political pluralism was soon . Most fundamentally, I believe legal pluralists might be able to mount a clear-. The Chairman of the National Peace Council, Most Reverend Professor Emmanuel Asante, has underscored the need to manage religious pluralism effectively in order to promote peace and security in Ghana. , 1973 Yale; Ph. The concept of consociational democracy is seen as an alternative to the majoritarian type of democracy, and more suitable for good government in plural societies divided by ethnic, linguistic, religious or cultural differences, where the groups are clearly identifiable. Importantly, this is not simply a diagnostic failure. Our nation can no longer be satisfied with success for some students; instead we must cultivate the strengths of all. Related subjects: Politics and government Liberal democracy is a form of government. 41. Inevitably it damages democracy. Policy. INSTITUTION National Center on Effective Secondary Schools, Madison, WI. A. Detail from 'The fin de Selen A. the plight of religious minorities: can religious pluralism survive? hearing before the subcommittee on africa, global human rights and international operations of the committee on international relations house of representatives one hundred ninth congress second session june 30, 2006 serial no. Preface to the Liberty Fund Edition. An argument for this encompasses that the existence of varied numerous pressure groups support the theory of pluralism. the diversity of opinions and beliefs serves the quest for  PROSPECTS FOR MUSLIM DEMOCRACY: The Role of U. In political ideologies, pluralism is particularly promoted by liberals, who argue that tolerance of moral, cultural and political diversity is essential for freedom, and only a democracy in which diverse groups of individuals are able to compete, with the state acting as a ‘neutral’ arbiter between those groups, is a truly liberal democracy. The foundations for a strong democracy are being built day by day. As a practical proposition, whether for reasons of effectiveness or to promote . facing, reading and using phonological online futures, with Oliver. international law, namely that they be provided for by law, serve one of disinformation and propaganda during times of conflict, which might be  Dec 6, 2011 Moving from state to public broadcasting in new democracies . Our analysis suggests that the systemic turn in deliberative democracy should go hand-in-hand with a nuanced understanding of how transmission occurs across different sites. Identity-based coalition politics might take a different form. It is to enhance their rights that citizens in a democracy undertake their civic obligations and responsibilities. What a lot of people are forgetting is the fluidity of college student’s belief. Maclver. We have yet to come up with a better system to organize society and politics. In this section, we'll talk about what we mean by that, and explore our idea of how we can get there from here -- what might be called our "model of change" or "theory of practice. The revival of American interest in Tocqueville, dating from the 1930s, has been reinforced by the renewal of French attention, beginning about 1970, and since the early 1990s by the rediscovery of Tocqueville in central and eastern Europe. Most notable is the threat-uncertainty model of conservatism (Jost et al. PUB DATE May 87 GRANT G0008690007 NOTE 9p. It translates as ‘Power of the People’. The Maptastic project lets users collaboratively add pushpins to a map to show the location of important places in a city. Pluralism is the theory that a multitude of groups, not the people as a whole, govern the United States. Limiting the lifespan of foundations, or perhaps mandating governance measures such as community representation or even AB 624-style data reporting requirements, might also enhance public Larry Diamond is Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, and founding co-editor of the Journal of Democracy. There is a very real danger that western Modern Constitutionalism and the Challenges of Complex Pluralism Paul Blokker The abstract idea of a written constitution as the foundational basis of modern democratic societies is a largely The Institute on Religious Freedom and Pluralism will provide a multinational group of up to 18 foreign university faculty and practitioners with a deeper understanding of U. Studies Democratic Theory, Deliberative Democracy, and Agonistic Pluralism. We found that the information tool enhances transparency and the rights of EU and other international norms and enforcement mechanisms shall serve as the. Mill. Pressure groups use digital democracy to enhance pluralism – 38 Degrees, international organisationAvaaz (www. In this lesson, you will learn about each framework and how their differences present a unique And one of the advantages that pluralism offers to modern societies in particular is a kind of hedge against the progressive fallacy — a way for a culture rushing to embrace a new paradigm to concede, along the way, the possibility that it might be making a mistake, and that even capital-p Progress might benefit from having critics. So while constitutional practice might seem, on the surface, to be a pluralism of competing theories, its deep structure is in fact a nuanced form of originalism. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. How might pluralism serve to enhance How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy? a. ” ― Winston S. accommodations to serve all customers, laws that might compel So How Do Non-Profits Benefit Society? Posted on August 30, 2011 | Since giving back to our community is one of the criteria for the 2011 Dandi Award winners – an awards ceremony presented by e2e Connect, Learn, Share ; I thought it would be valuable to share some non-profit information that may change the way you look at our local associations. How Pluralistic Is American Government? A Critique of Pluralism. This model suggests that conservative ideologies serve the psychological need to reduce uncertainty and threat. Participation comes in numerous forms ranging from the use of mass parades and rallies in I also use Schmitter's definition of "pluralism," which many posters might consider to be a flight of "fantasy" as a explanation of contemporary American politics, and "syndicalism," which may describe the preferred political system of other posters, especially those on the "Republican Neoliberalism Is Touching Us All. After completing this session, you will be able to: Define the term interest group and distinguish these groups from other political organizations. Ethnic Federalism, Fiscal Reform, Development and Democracy 23 The purpose of this essay is to critically assess the efforts of the EPRDF gov-ernment over the past decade to use a form of federalism to pursue development and democracy. Aug 30, 2018 Can Global Legal Pluralism Be Normative and Still Be Pluralist? institutions of interlocking governance and democratic coexistence that have been limited set of shared values and promote mutual respect, dialogue, and . It might simply lead to a less just and less democratic system of government. We can only address this discontent when we rehabilitate politics, the deliberate, joint effort to give direction to society and to make the best of ourselves. References Pluralism is the theory that many different groups run a country, rather than individuals. I would start with an echo from a last week’s event, the Annual Colloquium on Fundamental Rights, where we discussed the perspectives of European democracy, questioned its resilience, and raised numerous concerns to the integrity of electoral processes. during times of conflict, which might be permissible in a democratic society in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety. on StudyBlue. Which is another way of saying, as Müller points out, that “populism is always a form of identity politics” – and this is why populism is a threat to democracy: Because “democracy requires pluralism and the recognition that we need to find fair terms of living together as free, equal but also irreducibly diverse citizens. by ensuring that no single interest becomes dominant c. ] Similarly, it is unclear whether a representative who actively seeks to dismantle democratic institutions is representing democratically. Pluralism. How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy? 39. weakening in the efficacy of the nation-state have enhanced studies on the politics of identities relatively innocent of other legal experiences in Asia where law could not. But try as he might, even Callahan cannot tell a pluralism-makes-it-all-balance-out story: “There’s no denying,” he admits, “that wealthy donors are far more likely to align themselves Cambodia’s Pluralist Democracy in the Making: Interview with Sebastian Strangio. ” We welcome your comments on this publication. could also feed into the wider monitoring and enforcement of democracy and . Islamization can (and does) happen by enactment / change of laws. Pluralists argue that the most realistic description of politics and policy making is a marketplace with more or less perfect competition. Particularly, the paper focuses on how the government and its Throughout Government in America, two fundamental questions about governing serve as themes: How should we govern? and What should government do? The chapters that follow acquaint students with the history of American democracy and ask important questions about the current state of democracy in the United States. Even more worrisome is the example of Latin America, where steady progress toward democracy has been interrupted by the new semi-authoritarianism of Peru and Venezuela. at the ward level was intended to enhance democratic participation. According to this model, democracy exists when government authority is divided among multiple centers of power that are open to interests of various groups—for example, labor v. Changes in the use of digital technologies (e. Democracy – voting becomes a means of consumerism. By competing in elections parties offer citizens a choice in governance, and while in opposition they can hold governments accountable. They include media self-regulation and standards-strengthening, independent debunking and fact-checking initiatives, rules on balance and accuracy of democracy, while extremely useful, is nonetheless inadequate to serve the varied needs of a diverse and contentious society. Describe the resources and principal tactics used by interest groups to influence public policy The Autonomy Rule acknowledges that health, prosperity, security, and dignity represent the universal desires of all peoples, but it simultaneously recognizes that liberal democracy does not represent the only vehicle for furthering these objectives. Pluralist democracy requires government power to be dispersed and authority to be decentralized. Political pluralism is the affirmation of diversity in the interests and beliefs of the citizenry. 11. Democracy stresses equal moral worth of individuals, it refers to collective self rule. government. In his celebrated 1974 essay “What Is It Like to Be a Bat?,” Thomas Nagel stages a human-bat encounter to illustrate and support his claim that “subjective experience” is irreducible to “objective fact”: because Nagel cannot experience the world as a bat does, he will never know what it is like to be one. Charles Sturt University. Study abroad opportunities can also provide rich, multidimensional encounters with other religions that enhance students’ understanding of the diversity of spiritual worldviews. management, farmers v. Israel's two most recent prime ministers have each endorsed a very different concept as to how the Middle East might one day attain peace. Only the region's nations can. Yet, it does serve as a background assumption that informs the Court's. This is what happens when a democracy effectively becomes an oligarchy, or when a political system slides into autocracy. When citizens join political parties, volunteer their time, donate money and vote for their leaders, they are exercising their basic democratic rights. It is the condition both sought after by ad-herents of democracy, and feared by authoritarian leaders. In other words, as much as democracy is the goal of elections, the societal acceptance of certain democratic rules and values is the pre-condition of elections at the same time. In so doing, we may reveal again to ourselves a humanity that is fallen, yet that in its true nature is imbued with an aspiration to increase human flourishing and the common good. rights organizations over a number of years, usually with NGOs serving as organizations to promote political pluralism are in some ways rather obvious. 1. The laws of a democracy may have many sources: written constitutions; statutes and regulations; religious and ethical teachings; and cultural traditions and practices. Like democracy, the politics of indigeneity asks questions and makes assumptions about where power ought to lie and how it ought to be shared. The longer, second part of Democracy's Discontent surveys United States history with a general and a more specific aim. 2003, 2007). Renard), and the “legal pluralism” of the American sociologist R. Zevi Lowenberg In terms of interest groups and lobbying, I think that they overall do not work out for the majority of Americans. But confidence in this story is on the wane as scholarship responds to the complex pressures of globalization, the end of the cold war, and a revived intimacy between religion and politics There is also a danger that the availability of external aid might attract unscrupulous organizations possessing agendas which are antithetical to democracy, either because their leaders are intent on using the organization as a means of furthering personal political objectives, or because the organization in question has goals which serve to It must serve as an arena, forum and platform for non-partisan involvement in both the political and electoral institutions, structures and processes. Democracy makes all forces struggle repeatedly to realize their interests and devolves power from groups of people to sets of rules. —-Margaret Kohn, Political Theory 2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Mainstream international relations theory tends to assume a unitary state with a monopoly on the use of legitimate violence domestically; however, the reality of political and legal authority is far more complicated (). High Level Group on Media Freedom and Pluralism. a. Capitalism – increased desire leads to recession – can’t continually provide what people want – e. Democracy allows societies to benefit from the full energy and talent of its citizens. 9 For their part, democracy scholars have so far only scratched the surface of the complex relationship among post-9/11 terrorism, voting patterns, and broader sociopolitical might work together to address shared concerns and promote a healthy civil society and democracy. Religion and religious content play an important and Constitutional rot in a democracy need not always lead to constitutional crisis. The story of secularization has long been key to the self-understanding and description of Western modernity. How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy. Feckless pluralism refers to political systems that fall short of democratic standards, but . How to Distinguish Democracy from Non-Democracy Today The Carter Center works in Latin America and the Caribbean to enhance the quality of democracy in the region and make it more accountable to citizens. Lopez, Rachel, Post-Conflict Pluralism (February 24, 2017). orientation for journalism are not as self-evident as one might assume, based on If pluralism is to serve as a critical concept in the context of political debates on media and democracy Admittedly, were the Jewish community to adopt this perspective, it might find itself, on occasion, at odds with some—though surely not all—Christian groups. Pluralism and neo-corporatism are the two primary theories that have been put forward to explain interest group influence on public policy. And yet, advocates of sortitionist democracy point out that the diversity of Unchecked by competing concerns such as equity or compassion, it is becoming a totalitarian principle threatening the survival of pluralism, democracy and human rights. I will not today address explicitly the question of the "agenda-setting" dimensions of the new technologies because those dimensions can be elucidated only by first addressing the subject raised by the title of our Conference, "Democracy and Digital Media. by streamlining the legislative process 8. 28 – 29 MIN READ Tagged Arab Spring Middle East Pluralists accepted Schumpeter’s broad view that what separate democracies from non-democracies are the methods by which government officials are elected. 65 We tend to agree that these five steps offer the best model for popular Islamic democracies to flourish in a fair power-sharing context. Democracy is the only system that can safeguard and protect the civil rights and liberties of citizens and increase transparency and accountability. 2). GLOBAL COMMUNICATION AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: CHANGING PARADIGMS AND POLICIES Majid Tehranian Introduction. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way. interpreted as improving competition and enhancing pluralism. considered as justified by pluralism, and might be . Flaws in Pluralism . There are considerations that pressure groups strengthen pluralist democracy. Populist politicians thrive on fake news: it is so much easier to fuel people’s emotions if you feed them fabricated news of imaginary crises. 22 But the dichotomy between particular and universal reform is sometimes a false one. B. SPONS AGENCY Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Banchoff, Democracy and the New Religious. In Where Hope Takes Root, the Aga Khan sets out the principles that inform his vision. In circumstances of a nar-rowed public debate and suppressed diversity, civic education for democracy needs to be modified. The philosopher Plato contrasted democracy, the system of "rule by the governed", with the alternative systems of monarchy (rule by one individual), oligarchy (rule by a small élite class) and timocracy. While more people are represented as a whole, the disparity between the large interest groups that have their voices heard, and the small ones, that while still able to organize and lobby, do not have their voice heard, is expanding. A skeptic could come in and say, well, you gave us some good sociological reasons why the church might fight for what we call human rights today. This paper identifies a theoretical nexus between indigeneity and democracy in four post-colonial contexts. Unlike democracy in ancient times, which directed citizens primarily to serve the community, the primary purpose of government in a modern democracy is to serve and protect all persons under its authority and especially to secure their inherent rights to liberty and safety. The term democracy first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought. All of these groups have an equal voice in the government’s eyes (ears?) and are represented in the policy making process. I hope that this publication will stimulate thinking, policy discussions and implementation of innovative ideas to strengthen democratic governance and public administration in ways that will enhance citizens’ trust in government and participation in public affairs. by allowing policy makers to ignore the demands of certain organizations d. It requires the virtues of mutual cooperation, mutual responsibility, and what Aristotle called civic friendship and concord. Thomas Beaumont. One such angle is pluralist interpretation of liberal democracy. Describe the different types of interest groups. It must enhance public dialogue, public policies, communication and Democracy and Association is an important contribution not only to the field of political theory but also to empirical political science. Founding Statement of Principles and Objectives, 1984 Strengthening Democracy Abroad: The Role of the National Endowment for Democracy The National Endowment for Democracy is a U. In time, the reasoning goes, such decisions may. Strong growth in certain repressive systems, especially China, has given the misleading impression that authoritarianism is good for business. These organizations, which include among others unions, trade and professional associations, environmentalists, civil rights activists, business and financial lobbies, and formal and informal coalitions of like-minded citizens, influence the making and administration of laws and policy. hide to d figures from some arguments around the brew. Describe the resources and principal tactics used by interest groups to influence public policy So How Do Non-Profits Benefit Society? Posted on August 30, 2011 | Since giving back to our community is one of the criteria for the 2011 Dandi Award winners – an awards ceremony presented by e2e Connect, Learn, Share ; I thought it would be valuable to share some non-profit information that may change the way you look at our local associations. That is why so many candidates are Pluralism is the idea that people/crusaders with common interests and issues will band together to appeal for their cause. 5 percent annually. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading How Democracy Ends. And Trump wins. A liberal democracy is another name of limited state and its chief progenitors are Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and J. In the Balkans, the communist regimes have disappeared, but democracy remains a distant hope even in countries that are at peace. If we abandon this responsibility in the interest of advancing a narrow political agenda, a specific ideology, or in a misplaced desire to whitewash history, we fail to serve the common good. Seeks to serve the underserved, protect our society’s most vulnerable and provide educational opportunities for all children at the level we wish for our own children. While considerable research exists on each of these functions, we know little of their relative importance in enhancing democracy. what is the maximum amount you should pay to purchase a share of this stock if you require a 12 percent rate of return? The greatest threat to pluralism and democracy in the contemporary world is the belief that virtuous government requires religious homogeneity and clerical dominance: a single faith and a single 29. by allowing policy makers to ignore the demands of intolerant groups d. Four waves of utopian visions of the last 25 years are described. Critics of pluralism have noted that _____. defamation laws might have on the right to freedom of expression,  the principles of multiparty democracy, pluralism and market economics". Swansea, U. The casual observer might see ruthlessly implemented development projects and probusiness legal window dressing as more important to the operating environment than things like parliamentary oversight and freedom of assembly. Drawing on our own experiences in urban long-term ecological research and social–ecological research in Alaska, we demonstrate how well-intentioned efforts toward interdisciplinary research have served to privilege one epistemology over another in question formulation and research, and how a reorganization based on epistemological Martin Sherman lectures at Tel Aviv University and is the author of Despots, Democrats and the Determinants of International Conflict (St. It reviewed the Commission's Broadcast Ownership Rules of the Pluralism, however, might be at play long before this. The Center for Civic Education is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational corporation dedicated to promoting an enlightened and responsible citizenry committed to democratic principles and actively engaged in the practice of democracy in the United States and other countries. whereas pluralism is inseparable from freedom, democracy and the rule of law ; of the public media in particular as actors serving democratic societies, Union must ensure, promote and defend media freedom and pluralism; . Employing a multi Economic democracy and the Labour tradition. Pluralism critiques direct democracy and instead puts power in groups, such as unions, civil rights groups, lobbies and coalitions. whose work on democracy and social capital is much cited in development policy literature on civil society, and of writers on New Social Movements, such as Sonia Alvarez, Arturo Escobar, and Alain Touraine; not to mention a host of scholar-activists like the Latin American writers How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy according to pluralists a by from POLT 10100 at Ithaca College. “Song of Myself” notes that democracy must include all individuals equally, or else it will fail. R. Group photo of delegates at the conference (Credit: Martin Plaut) 1. Qaradāwī, Yūsuf. May 3, 2018 B. The United States cannot make a success of the Arab Spring. Political pluralism is a participatory type of government in which the politics of the country are defined by the needs and wants of many. The typology offered attempts to distinguish between these various contemporary manifestations of nationalist sentiment and discusses their impact on democracy as a means of distinguishing between the progressive and reactionary forms of nationalism. Italy is a Last Monday the Federal Communications Commission of the United States of America held its biennial regulatory review open meeting. Constitutional rot in a democracy need not always lead to constitutional crisis. 1 Legal pluralism whereby “two or more legal systems coexist in the same social field” is the dominant feature of most legal orders worldwide (Merry 1988, 870). Rather than a “pyramid,” “coupling” might be a more fitting general concept. To serve their necessary role in the legal and political system, judges must be committed to the principles of democracy. However, the electoral system gives a sense of civilian power while masking the fact that in the end politicians will be choosing the president despite popular vote. Modern democracies are by definition pluralist as democracies allow freedom of association. groups enhance our democracy. Democratic government is rooted in the consensus of the people. Democracy, in the United States of America, is generally regarded as synonymous to political pluralism despite the rise of scholarly notions that say otherwise. Pluralism is opposite to monism. Ben Jackson asks where and why democratic concerns peeled away from the redistributive concerns that came to dominate 20th-century Labour thinking, and how present-day Labour politics can reconnect with the traditions of collective workplace democracy. The uncertainty of outcomes is inherent in democracy. Dawisha and Dawisha agree with Kurrild-Klitgaard that, rather than seeing the cleavages as a barrier to democracy, all of this “antagonism could serve a constructive purpose: having factions zealously check each other’s power could actually promote democracy at the expense of rigid communal particularism” (Dawisha and Dawisha 2003, 37). In California's state colleges, it's diversity yes, pluralism no. " Flipped elections: can recalls improve democracy? The accusation is that instead of political pluralism, recalls promote a materialist and socially exclusive definition of the “people Less Constraint of Popular Democracy, More Empowerment of Citizens While I share Müller’s concern about the situation in Hungary and Romania, and agree that a ‘Copenhagen Commission’ might be a good addition to safeguard the basic democratic values in the EU, I differ significantly in the assessment of the nature of the solution. Because my students are predominantly Christian, I arrange visits to the local mosque or synagogue to give them an embodied experience of another tradition. feared the decentralization scheme would merely serve to enhance the  An institutionally secular, democratic state in which religious lifestyles have . The media sphere needs to be a public space where debates occur among and between many different groups and classes. society and culture, past and present, through an examination of religious pluralism in the United States and its intersection with American democracy. Initially, there seemed to be promise that the Coalition could serve the  Jul 19, 2017 Security pluralism (or plural security provision) refers to situations in . D. By the pleasantest of coincidences the burgeoning of democracy in central and eastern Europe has suddenly brought the word “pluralism” into the daily press and onto radio and television. Democracy in America has become reliant on the Internet because the Internet is a primary source of information for most Americans. Engaging Difference in Values Education in South African Schools Marilyn Naidoo Abstract This article, based on a descriptive review of the literature, considers the Values Education Initiative and traces recent developments in terms of policy implementation. by requiring people to join interest groups b. By Sophat Soeung. A free and pluralistic media to sustain European democracy. a responsible participant in the societal processes of our American democracy, his full and balanced maturity is viewed as a major end-goal of education and, as well, a necessary means to the fullest development of his fellow citizens” (p. Democracy, he says, must be nurtured in ways that are practical and are most appropriate for enhancing their ability to serve citizens effectively. The EBRD has recently enhanced its ability to respond flexibly to important shifts   The first and most prominent of the rival views is called pluralism, which is rooted in Thus, pluralists and Marxists might well agree about who is doing battle with whom Citizens in democratic capitalist societies form voluntary groups that try to and has usually been subsequently enhanced, through the struggles and  something that we should promote or bemoan, or that the state should Even though there might be a plurality of views concerning these . food stores, coal companies v. Consider one widely quoted representation of education for democracy in the post–9/11 world: In California's state colleges, it's diversity yes, pluralism no. 869 ( 1988). How many justices currently serve on the Supreme Court? 9 . region, the United States enhances its own security. These projects share a common goal: helping to create an environment in which peaceful, productive societies can flourish. Eritrea Focus, in partnership with the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, held a two-day conference titled Building Democracy in Eritrea on 24-25 April, in Senate House, University of London. TITLE Citizenship Education in the United States: A. Projects aim to strengthen regional capacities to uphold democracy, transform and prevent conflicts, and improve governance. and Democracy, Faculty of Law, University of Namibia once noted that2: Democracy cannot be decreed; democracy is a continuous process that embraces the entire society. ". The great social work is in progress. Such pressures foil efforts to promote equity and to control aggregate . Nevertheless, Prime Minister Hun Sen continues his rule and has recently marked 30 years in power. 1979, Harvard. democracy (Edwards, Foley & Diani 2001, 5). It will rights, political pluralism might break down political privileges of interest groups, ensuring therefore that political institutions act on behalf the public interest rather than serve vested interests. The last thing needed to enhance this constructive stage would be a bomb drop in the name of promoting democracy. As chair of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development, I appreciate Jennifer Welsh’s acknowledgement of the bold innovative vision behind the committee’s recommendations and the case that Canada can do more and better in this field (“Promoting Democracy Abroad,” December 2007). Olusola Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. extensive welfare provision. Here are the ways they need to mature. It is part of our vibrant democracy. In a recent telling example, a group of nuns assured of Conference at Senate House, London 24-25 April 2019. 1 More than a century ago, Emile Durkheim rejected the idea that education could be the force to transform society and resolve social ills. This is particularly evident in the sustainable orientation for journalism are not as self-evident as one might assume, based on If pluralism is to serve as a critical concept in the context of political debates on media and democracy Which is another way of saying, as Müller points out, that “populism is always a form of identity politics” – and this is why populism is a threat to democracy: Because “democracy requires pluralism and the recognition that we need to find fair terms of living together as free, equal but also irreducibly diverse citizens. might lead to a “democratic despotism” (Tocqueville) and to populist shaped practices, in “delegating” (O’Donnell) or “hybrid” (Malloy) formulae, of doubtful democratic quality. Aug 21, 2006 Finally, the analytic category of deliberative democracy is critically moreover, the conclusions one might derive are inexorably tied to We may occasionally still ask if the traditional mass media enhance or hamper democracy, but most dimension also points to society's political institutions, which serve  Nov 19, 2010 pluralism indissociable from a democratic society, which has been dearly won over promote a religious pluralism that might sustain the moral life of . Education for Social Change: From Theory to Practice. ” Michael Saward (2008) also discusses how existing systems of political representation do not necessarily serve democracy. UJA-Federation of New York. , from elitism to equitable access to ubiquity; enabling exchange, negotiation, creation and celebration of ideas across time and space) and changes in education (see above section) may well serve as the means to an end -- where the 'end' might one day look like strong citizenship diversity And when pluralism is negated or otherwise discontinued, what we end up is monism (just one sole unit), which is the real opposite of pluralism. A central force for communal planning and philanthropy in the New York Jewish community. Populism is dangerous and puts public health and the economy at risk. " Pluralism is a social good, adding to the intrinsic richness of life and preventing authoritarian regimes. Warren's multifaceted typologies are a major advance. On the one hand, the Blair government has been engaged, almost from its first day in office, in what amounts to a constitutional revolution, dispersing power across a variety of new institutions, and confounding the traditional reliance on single-party government by a new emphasis on cross-party alliances. individuals with shared grievances always form interest groups to press their demands upon government d. How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy? A. Through their experiences in the medical system and also their Engaging Difference in Values Education in South African Schools Marilyn Naidoo Abstract This article, based on a descriptive review of the literature, considers the Values Education Initiative and traces recent developments in terms of policy implementation. 11 Thomas F. This makes agonistic respect particularly relevant both for the theory and practice of deliberative democracy. These movements, then, might be described as part of the tradition of pluralism or incrementalism in American health politics, which has generally been seen as an impediment to large-scale reform. edited by Gerald “Universalism of the World War II era served to deracinate and to efface the varieties of . Whereas freedom of expression might be thought of as “the right to speak”, and freedom of . Ambedkar, went in some detail into the history of local democratic governance in India to assess whether it could fruitfully serve as a model for modern Indian democracy. Pluralism and neo-corporatism are the two primary theories that have been put forward to Such disparities may serve to tilt the balance of policy influence in favour of  Nov 1, 2007 By contrast, most Americans believed, almost from the beginning, that pluralism and democracy were compatible, even mutually enhancing. by discouraging bargaining and compromise on policy issues e. In the US political system, there exist the principles of democracy, which include the majority rule, but there is also the protection of rights of people who do not belong to the majority. Madison. org Other sources of the theory of pluralistic democracy include bourgeois political scientists’ ideas concerning pressure groups and interest groups (A. Political parties are essential institutions of democracy. Given the centrality of pluralism to Habermas' post-secularism, one might . Re: “Promoting Democracy Abroad” by Jennifer Welsh. It must promote civil liberties as well as prudently manage political pluralism and encourage integrity in government. Middle East. AMY GUTMANN, IDENTITY IN DEMOCRACY 1-15 (2003). How might pluralism serve to enhance democracy? by ensuring that no single interest becomes dominant. You might want to know if women differ from men in their ideological self-placement. In order for a government to be purely democratic it must include the votes of all its members, and achieve full pluralism. A certain tension lies at the heart of New Labour’s style of government. This report, submitted in accordance with Section 603 of the Goldwater-Nichols Defense Department Reorganization Act of 1986, sets forth a national security strategy to advance our national interests in this era of unique opportunities and dangers. A shift to E-democracy would resemble a change in the form of government (from Republic to democracy) as much as an improvement in the existing system. This pamphlet provides an introduction to the work of the NSSG, followed by the group’s draft statement, “The Nonprofit Contribution to Civic Participation and Advocacy. How Democracy Ends - Kindle edition by David Runciman. avaaz. Fascination with Alexis de Tocqueville and his Democracy in America remains strong and growing. Pluralism Policies That Work: A call for more radical thinking. Churchill. Pluralism is the idea that people/crusaders with common interests and issues will band together to appeal for their cause. Thus the large number and operation of pressure groups is considered to be a vital element in the promotion of pluralist democracy. K. but to expanding goals and enhancing internal democracy, while maintaining a  Mar 25, 2008 Rawls's test for the acceptable use of political power in a democracy is his In the religious sphere for example a reasonable pluralism might contain a can serve as the basis for the legitimate use of coercive political power. initiative to strengthen democratic institutions throughout the world through private, non-governmental efforts. PLAY. The point of democracy is not to empower the masses (at least not as a collective) but to limit government's power, limit it from doing things that the masses really dislike, which is completely different from empowering government to do things the masses do like. It is generally considered that measures of this type can be useful to enhance media pluralism and diversity and serve to counteract market distortions and failures. , 12), Ukraine ANNOTATED AGENDA INTRODUCTION The nature of conflict in the world has changed, and along with it the relationship between the media and society. But it is hard to resist. communities they serve. But that, too, is the price of pluralism: nuanced approaches to key public issues, including religious liberty, naturally and necessarily differ. Michel Rosenfeld . Religion and religious content play an important and They have used inconsistent definitions and measures of regime types, and they have tended to treat “democracy” and “dictatorship” as dichotomous variables. PLURALISM AND PROCEDURALISM Joshua Cohen * * Professor of Philosophy and Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It is a representative democracy in which the ability of the elected representatives to exercise decision-making power is subject to the rule of law, and usually moderated by a constitution that emphasizes the protection of the rights and freedoms of individuals, and which While such recognition did not immediately transform the United States into a nation committed to broad conceptions of pluralism, it played a crucial role in advancing the idea that religious pluralism was central to American identity, and that the United States was a country of three faiths: Protestant, Catholic and Jewish. These organizations, which include among others unions, trade and professional associations, environmentalists, civil rights activists, business and financial lobbies, and formal and informal coalitions of like-minded citizens, influence the making and administration of laws and Interest groups therefore are a vital party of a healthy democracy. These challenges are: socioeconomic inequality , gender inequality, religious inequality, racial inequality, generational inequality, racial inequality, globalization as an external threat to public equality, populism as an increasingly powerful challenge within the OECD world, and the risk If this initiative passes, it will be a fundamental step in the right direction toward democracy and pluralism in Egypt that can serve as a model for other Arab countries. The former is to establish that the nation's public philosophy pursued formative projects of various sorts until the public philosophy of the procedural republic recently attained dominance. Image and Reality. value position that can enhance the growth and development of each of the nation's different efforts that could simultaneously build a strong humane democractic society. He imagined democracy as a way of interpersonal interaction and as a way for individuals to integrate their beliefs into their everyday lives. We have structured the chapter along fundamental challenges democracy is facing in the 21st century. These groups tried to promote an exclusively sectarian discourse. (e. Pluralism is the theory that a multitude of groups, not the people as a whole, Indeed, some pluralists believe that direct democracy is not only unworkable; it is Since relatively few people participate actively in this process, power, it might  Pluralism, Identity Politics, and Coalitions: Toward Madisonian Constitutionalism. Sortitionist democracy must be inferior to electoral democracy, where experts may stand a somewhat better chance to join decision-making bodies – depending on the political party they are affiliated with. Comprehensive study of the classical and medieval foundations of moderate and democratic discourses of contemporary Islamic thinkers. “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others. Pluralism is not synonymous with majoritarianism. Democracy is also a vehicle for solving problems peacefully, and building enduring prosperity. It is one of the most important features of modern representative democracy. [P]luralism supports the status quo and favors those in power," he finds. All new education reform efforts should incorporate this approach as an integral part of their plans. IV Questions Concerning Pluralism and Democracy These comments, superficial and over-simplified as they are, suggest certain theoretical questions - questions which might be called the "pluralism problem. Both monism and pluralism have had varied forms throughout the history of philosophy, but the above description may serve as a generalization of these two metaphysical outlooks. Pluralist View of Liberal Democracy: Definition of Pluralism: Liberal democracy has been viewed from different angles. In what follows I seek to outline how a deliberative approach informed by the insights of agonistic pluralism might look in practice. Without revisiting the conditions of existence of the practice of law, it is very likely that phenomena that can be described as legal will fly under the radar. In: The Future of American Democratic Politics: Principles and Practices. Bentley), social reformist constructs about the “power of organizations” (K. According to the United Nations strategy document on the millennium development goals (MDGs), entitled “The United Nations and the MDGs: a Core Strategy', "the MDGs have to be situated within the broader norms and standards of the Millennium Declaration," including those on “human rights, democracy and good governance. SSR practice could seek to promote the principle that those  Pluralism, Public Choice, and the State in the Emerging Paradigm in Health Systems level of investment in medical care is not always as might be expected (OECD 1990). It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using the word if it were tied down to any one meaning. If I had to predict I would say it will narrow down to two — Trump and Sanders. " We might also take a more serious look at how "American democracy" actually tends to advance corruption by treating the federal government as a purveyor of special privileges and a cash register out of which problem solutions and the money to fund them can be drawn with enough votes and political influence. But neither is the responsibility of citizens in a democracy, acting together through government, to strengthen social protections. To the Editor: In his important article, “The New Anti-Catholicism” [June], George Weigel relates and deplores the history of allegations in the United States that an ascending tyrannical “Romanism” or “Papism” poses a threat to the pluralism of American democracy. WASHINGTON—Editor’s note: The strong performance of the Cambodian opposition in the 2013 elections and subsequent call for leadership change surprised many observers. , M. Priorities of the Islamic Movement in the Coming Phase. McCullough concludes that pluralism has failed to foster democracy and equality. The biggest job will be for citizens to listen carefully and to choose wisely. Pluralism as distinctive element of different types of democracy is a central topic Democracy is a system of processing conflicts in which outcomes depend on what participants do, but no single force controls what occurs and its outcomes. INTRODUCTION John Dewey is probably the most famous educational philosopher America has produced, and his work continues to influence nearly every corner of the field of education. The chapter addresses some paradoxes in the developments of democracy and the rule of law which arise from the circumstance that many of the promises of social progress developed after WWII have been undermined by internal tensions in democratic developments as well as by other social and economic trends. diplomatic engagement. STUDY. The Report of the. The Conscience Wars in Historical and Philosophical Perspective: The Clash between Religious Absolutes and Democratic Pluralism . Democracy, Sustainability and Accounting Technologies: The Potential of Dialogic Accounting _____ There is wide-ranging recognition of the need for "new accountings" that foster democracy and facilitate more participatory forms of social organization. how might pluralism serve to enhance democracy

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